Karaté - Budo
Eléments essentiels à la compréhension du karaté
The core components of karate
Karate is a discipline that consists of impact techniques together with locks and throws. Irrespective of the style, karate training features three key areas: kihon, katas and kumite.
Kihon means “basic technique” and consists of repeating techniques in isolation. The teacher demonstrates a movement which is then replicated by the pupil. These techniques are generally attacks or blocks but can also be stances, moves, slips or throws.
The tireless practice of basic movements is of fundamental importance, because it ensures that good technique and automatisms are acquired. At first the techniques are simple and isolated before becoming complex drills coupled with various moves. The kihon often starts slowly with a breakdown of the movements before becoming smoother and swifter and finally turning into automatisms that are performed at full strength.
The kihon serves as preparation for studying katas and kumite.
Kata means “form” or “mould”. It is a codified series of techniques representing a fight against one or more opponents. At the dawn of karate, as there were no written records, the kata was a mnemonic device for transmitting techniques. Each kata starts with a block, thereby underlining the defensive nature of karate.
To execute a good kata, it is essential to energise it with alternating strong and flexible, fast and slow moments as well as wide and short movements. The karateka who practises kata must be aware of the messages it conveys and understand the significance of each technique.
Kumite means “bringing the hands together”. It is often translated as “combat” but is better understood as “the art of meeting”. In contrast to competition, there should not be any opponents in karate-do but only partners...
Read more in the book "Karate: more than the move".
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